1- What is an introverted personality
Personality can be divided into introverted and extroverted. This classification was proposed by Carl Jung, a Swiss psychologist, and psychiatrist, about 100 years ago.
Jung categorized individuals’ internal characteristics from various angles by analyzing 20,000 patients. Since then, this theory has been examined by many researchers in different ways, but the fundamental classification of “introversion” and extroversion” has not changed.
In Jung’s theory, introversion and extroversion are distinguished based on our orientation toward the inner and outer worlds. An introvert tries to distance themselves from the external world, but confronting the inner world is pleasant. In fact, in Jung’s theory, the inner world is a source of energy for an introverted person, and connecting with the external world diminishes this energy.
2- Characteristics of Introverted Individuals
Introverted individuals have specific traits that can be recognized. However, it is important to remember that no person is entirely introverted or extroverted, and most individuals possess characteristics of both types. Below are some common traits found in introverted individuals:
1-Inward Focus: Introverted individuals enjoy introspection and self-reflection, seeking meaning in life, personal growth, and understanding their personalities.
2- Preference for Intimacy: These individuals prefer deep and intimate relationships with others and often see their connections as a source of energy and positive influence.
3-Deep Thinking: Introverted individuals often engage in deep and philosophical thinking, analyzing and paying closer attention to details.
4-Sensitivity to Emotions: They are attuned to their own emotions and the emotions of others, often being emotionally sensitive. They may deeply resonate with emotions and need time and space to process them.
5- Order and Planning: Introverted individuals generally prefer structure and planning. They must create an organized, structured environment to feel secure and at peace.
6- Desire for Self-expression: While introverted individuals often prefer introspection, they also need self-expression and showcasing their abilities and ideas.
7- Inclination towards Creativity: Introverted individuals typically pursue creativity and creative pursuits. They engage in art, writing, music, and other creative endeavors, deriving enjoyment from these activities.
3- Difference between introverts and extroverts
Introverts are individuals who focus their attention inward, while extroverts are individuals who focus their attention outward.
Additionally, introverts think about events, while extroverts perceive everything directly. Introverts gain energy from being alone, while extroverts gain energy from socializing.
In general, introverts may perceive being shy, reserved, cautious, and quiet and may not have a strong desire for interaction with others. On the other hand, extroverted individuals have a cheerful and optimistic image and are outgoing and friendly.
Due to this perception, many people may think that extroverts are ideal, but this is false. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.
4- Strengths of introverts
1- Internal focus: Introverts generally have a high level of focus on their inner lives. They can understand and work with their emotions and needs effectively.
2- Creativity: Introverted individuals often have a high level of creativity due to their mental focus on their inner lives. They usually possess artistic abilities and creativity in their thought processes.
3- Attention to detail: Introverts primarily pay attention to small details and have high precision in performing tasks.
4-Self-awareness: Introverts are strongly interested in self-awareness and personal development because they focus on their inner lives. They may engage in studying psychology, philosophy, and self-reflection.
5-Weaknesses of introverts
1- Deficiency in social interactions: Introverts may need help with social interactions and establish connections.
2- Lack of attention to the external world: Introverts may sometimes act oblivious to external issues and events due to their focus on their inner lives.
3- Low-stress tolerance: Introverts may experience more difficulties facing major stressors due to their heightened sensitivity.
4- Less flexibility: Introverts may need help adapting quickly to changes or challenging new circumstances.
6- Some tests for identifying introversion or extraversion
In psychology, tools and tests examine and evaluate individuals’ personalities, indicating certain introverted or extroverted traits and symbols. For example:
1-Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI): This test is based on Carl Gustav Jung’s theory of personality types. By evaluating and comparing individuals’ reactions and tendencies in four important personality categories (e.g., extraversion, introversion, sensing, and intuition), this test helps identify different behavioral patterns.
2-Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI): This test is based on Hans Eysenck’s theory of personality. By measuring traits such as emotional stability, extraversion, and introversion, this inventory helps identify introversion or extraversion in individuals.
3-The Big Five Personality Traits: This well-known model refers to five major personality factors: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience. These personality patterns have been discussed as introversion or extraversion.
It is important to remember that these tests and tools are only a piece of the puzzle in portraying an individual’s overall personality and should not be considered a definitive diagnosis of introversion or extraversion on their own. It is best to consult with a specialized psychologist to guide you in identifying your personality and traits.
7-Online Personality Tests
Below are some well-known websites for online personality tests:
2- Truity (https://www.truity.com)
3- Psych Central Personality Test (https://psychcentral.com/quizzes/personality)
4- Open Psychometrics (https://openpsychometrics.org/tests)
Some websites provide free tests, while others may require payment for full access to results. Again, consider these tests as guiding tools, and for a more accurate diagnosis, consult a specialized psychologist.
8-How to Choose a Job Suitable for an Introvert
1- Self-awareness: The first step is examining and understanding your needs and preferences. Are you interested in creative and independent activities or prefer working alone? Are social interactions complementary to your state, or can they be draining in some jobs?
2- Compatibility with work conditions: Look for a job that aligns with your work environment preferences. Introverts may prefer a more personal and smaller work environment and may need to better tolerate traffic or crowded places. Also, consider allocating more time for reflection and solitude.
3-Depth in the job: A job that allows you to focus intensely on topics you are interested in is suitable for introverts. For example, you can find related job fields if you are interested in art, writing, analysis, or psychology.
4- Avoid socially demanding jobs: Some jobs require constant interaction with people and the public. Introverts may become exhausted from such interactions. Therefore, choosing a job with fewer opportunities for social interactions would be more suitable for them.
5- Flexibility: Introverts often work alone and value individual independence. Therefore, a job that allows you to work independently and flexibly would be preferable.
6- Jobs with impact: Introverts generally seek jobs that can impact society and others. For this purpose, you can find a job focusing on personal development, psychology, or helping others.
Furthermore, professional counseling from individuals who have effectively managed their introversion can provide the best guidance for choosing a suitable job for you.
9-Seven Jobs for Introverts
For introverts who prefer working in environments where they don’t interact with others and work alone, numerous suitable jobs are available. Below are several typical jobs for introverts:
1-Writer: Writing books, articles, blogs, or even digital content like social media can be an excellent opportunity for introverts.
2-Programmer: Working in programming and software development can be ideal for introverts. This job can be done independently or in a team-based work environment.
3-Graphic Designer: Working in graphic design can be a suitable option for individuals interested in creativity and art. This work can be done independently or in a design studio.
4- Translator: If you have proficiency in multiple languages, you can work as a translator. This job allows you to work alone and encounter cultural diversity.
5- Mental Health Counselor and Psychologist: Introverts can work as mental health counselors and psychologists to help others. This profession requires expertise and practical communication skills.
6- Photographer: Photography is a creative and solitary activity that appeals to introverts. You can work as a freelance photographer or be employed by various media production companies.
7- Scientific Research: If you are interested in conducting continuous studies and research, you can work in scientific research. This work can be done alone or in a research team.
10- How introverts deal with work stress
Work can be stressful, so knowing how to cope with stress is important. Specifically, when introverts feel stressed, I want to introduce three coping strategies I encourage you to try.
1- Retreat into solitude: Introverts are sensitive to external stimuli. It puts you in a stressful situation. To escape that state, reducing stimulation and finding calmness is necessary. My recommendation is to go outside and relax. You can take a short walk around the neighborhood or have a short break there if there’s a park nearby. If you listen carefully, you might hear the rustling of leaves in the wind and the sound of birds.
Feeling the sun’s rays on your skin and enjoying being enveloped in comfortable air will clear your mind and lighten your body. Make sure to allocate time for solitude in nature before, during, and after work, during vacations, etc.
2- Stay in your world:By listening to music with headphones, reading a novel, and immersing yourself in your world, you can forget about your stress during this time.
Introverts excel at directing their attention inwardly, so this method should be familiar to them. You don’t want to be in a stressful situation for an extended period, so consciously work on changing your mind during breaks like lunch or after returning home to prevent fatigue from accumulating.
3- Stop self-blame: Introverts blame themselves for their problems because their attention is often focused inwardly. Even if something bad happens, you can do nothing about it.
We’re always beginners in life, and no one is perfect. However, it’s foolish to only focus on our mistakes and blame ourselves. If you realize you’re blaming yourself, try saying: “I’m doing well in my own way.” Recognize yourself for always working hard at that moment. You’ll realize that your self-blame has disappeared and your stress has decreased.
11-Mis belief about introverted individuals
Mis belief1: Introversion is synonymous with social anxiety. Some of what is seen as “introverted personality problems” may refer to “social anxiety” or “lack of social skills,” but these two are not the same. Social anxiety refers to feeling anxious and tense when participating in social activities.
Many individuals with social anxiety want to connect with others. Still, they pay excessive attention and concern to external evaluation (significantly negative evaluation), and fear and embarrassment of making mistakes prevent them from interacting with others.
However, introverted individuals are not afraid of socializing; they prefer not to engage in activities. In most cases, they do not desire human contact because they like being alone.
Mis belief2: Introverted individuals are not good with words. It is not that introverted individuals cannot talk to others; they do not like aimless or noisy conversations and do not like talking about unrelated topics.
They may have many words hidden within themselves. If faced with a topic of interest or a friend they can converse with, they can talk endlessly together. They prefer connecting with a few individuals rather than interacting with many people and like having meaningful and deep conversations. In simple terms, the behavior of introverts who dislike speaking is not because they “cannot,” but because they “do not want to.”
Mis belief 3: Introverted individuals are rude and unintelligent, making it challenging to communicate with them. Introverted individuals do not like to disregard words when meeting face-to-face. They want everyone to be as genuine as they are.
Unfortunately, this does not always work out. Therefore, it is natural for introverted individuals to feel social pressure and find it difficult to synchronize with groups. Introverted individuals pay more attention to their inner world and thoughts and feelings, but this does not mean they do not value the outside world. Instead, they value inner glory and grandeur more.
Mis belief 4: Introverts do not know how to enjoy themselves. Introverts are calm at home or in nature but can maintain themselves in a group setting. Introverts dislike overly noisy environments and stimulating experiences. If the environment is too loud, they will leave it. Their brains are susceptible to dopamine. Introverts have very different neural control pathways compared to extroverts.
Mis belief 5: Introverts need to change themselves to become extroverts. Most people are introverts, including many professionals such as scientists, musicians, artists, poets, directors, doctors, mathematicians, writers, and philosophers. This means that introverted individuals have their path to success; they don’t have to force themselves to be extroverted.
They should respect their nature and contribute their share to human society. In fact, studies have shown that intelligence levels are directly proportional to introversion. Some studies have also shown that the more introverted a person is, the higher their intelligence quotient (IQ) tends to be.